UGC NET Music Syllabus

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UGC NET Music Syllabus
UGC NET Music Syllabus

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Subject: MUSIC                                                                                         Code No.: 16
                                                             SYLLABUS

Hindustani (Vocal, Instrumental & Musicology),
Karnataka, Percussion and Rabindra Sangeet
Note:-
Unit-I, II, III & IV are common to all in music
Unit-V to X are subject specific in music

Unit-I
Technical Terms:
Sangeet, Nada: ahata & anahata , Shruti & its five jaties, Seven Vedic
Swaras, Seven Swaras used in Gandharva, Suddha & Vikrit Swara,
Vadi- Samvadi, Anuvadi-Vivadi, Saptak, Aroha, Avaroha, Pakad / vishesa
sanchara, Purvanga, Uttaranga, Audava, Shadava, Sampoorna, Varna,
Alankara, Alapa, Tana, Gamaka, Alpatva-Bahutva, Graha, Ansha, Nyasa,
Apanyas, Avirbhav,Tirobhava, Geeta; Gandharva, Gana, Marga Sangeeta,
Deshi Sangeeta, Kutapa, Vrinda, Vaggeyakara Mela, Thata, Raga, Upanga
,Bhashanga ,Meend, Khatka, Murki, Soot, Gat, Jod, Jhala, Ghaseet, Baj,
Harmony and Melody, Tala, laya and different layakari, common talas in
Hindustani music, Sapta Talas and 35 Talas, Taladasa pranas, Yati, Theka,
Matra, Vibhag, Tali, Khali, Quida, Peshkar, Uthaan, Gat, Paran, Rela, Tihai,
Chakradar, Laggi, Ladi, Marga-Deshi Tala, Avartana, Sama, Vishama,
Atita, Anagata, Dasvidha Gamakas, Panchdasa Gamakas ,Katapayadi
scheme, Names of 12 Chakras, Twelve Swarasthanas, Niraval, Sangati,
Mudra, Shadangas , Alapana, Tanam, Kaku, Akarmatrik notations.

Unit-II
Folk Music
Origin, evolution and classification of Indian folk song / music.
Characteristics of folk music.
Detailed study of folk music, folk instruments and performers of various
regions in India.
Ragas and Talas used in folk music
Folk fairs & festivals in India.

Unit-III
Rasa and Aesthetics:
Rasa, Principles of Rasa according to Bharata and others.
Rasa nishpatti and its application to Indian Classical Music.
Bhava and Rasa
Rasa in relation to swara, laya, tala, chhanda and lyrics.
Aesthetics according to Indian and western Philosophers.
General knowledge of 64 kalas according to Vatsyayan
General history of Raga-Ragini Paintings and Raga Dhayana.
Interrelation of Fine Arts.

Unit-IV
Research Methodology and Pedagogy, Avenues, Interdisciplinary
aspects and Modern Technology:
Research Pedagogy: Research areas, review of literature, selection of
suitable research topics and research problems, Methodology of Music
research, Preparing synopsis, Data collection and its sources, Analysis of
data collection, Writing project report, Research project Indexing,
references and bibliography etc.
Research Avenues and its Interdisciplinary aspects: Music and
Literature, Music Therapy, Philosophy, Psychology, Physics, Mathematics,
Economics, Social Sciences, Religion and Culture.
Modern Technology: Electronic equipments, computer, internet etc.
New trends in Indian Music in post-independence era.
HINDUSTANI MUSIC
(VOCAL, INSTRUMENTAL AND MUSICOLOGY)

Unit-V
Applied Theory:
Detail study of Sangeet Utpatti; Musical scales (Indian and western); Detail
study of Gram, Murchchhana and Chatussarna; Jaati Lakshana, Jaati Bhed,
concept of Raag, Raag-Lakshan.
Classification of Raag: 1) Gram Raag and Deshi Raag Classification 2)
Male Raag classification 3) Thaat Raag classification 4) Shuddha,
Chhayalag and Sankeerna Raag classification 5) Raag-Raagini classification
6) Raagang classification; Time theory of Raagas; Placement of shuddha and
vikrit swaras on shruties in Ancient, Medieval and Modern Period;
Description of popular Raagas and Taalas; Notation systems of Hindustani,
Karnataka and Western Music; Merits and demerits of a vocalist (Gayak);
Remix, Fusion, Orchestra, Coir and Acoustic; Comparative studies of
Hindustani and Karnatak Swaras and Taalas; Karnatak names of Popular
Hindustani Ragas; Knowledge of different Layakaaries such as dugun,
Tigun, Chaugun, Aad, Kuad and Viaad.

Unit-VI
History of Indian Music, contribution of Musicologists and their
textual tradition:
Study of the Historical Development of Hindustani Music from Vedic to
Modern period;
Ancient Medieval and Modern Musicologist and Scholars:- Bharat, Naarad,
Matang, Someshwardev, Jagdekmall, Nanyadev, Sharangdev, Parshwadev,
Sudhakalash, Maharana Kumbha, Ramamatya, Damodar Pandit, Pt. Ahobal,
Shriniwas, Hridyanarayana, Vyankatmakhi, Pt. Vishnu Digambar Palushkar,
Pt. Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Pt. Vinayak Rao Patwardhan, Pt.
Omkarnanath Thakur, Acharya Birhaspati, Thakur Jaidev Singh,
Sharachchandra Shridhar Paranjape, Bhagwat Sharan Sharma, Dr. Prem Lata
Sharma, Dr. Subhadra Choudhary, Prof. R.C. Mehta, Prof. Pradeep Kumar
Dixit.
Study of ancient, Medieval and Modern Treatises in Indian Music like Natya
Shastra, Nardiya Shiksha, Sangeet makarand, Brihaddeshi, Manasollaas,
Sangeet Chudamani, Bharat Bhashya, Sangeet Ratnakar, Sangeet Samaysar,
Sangeetopanishatsaaroddhar, Sanageet Raj, Swaramalekalanidhi, Sangeet
Darpan, Sangeet Paarijaat, Raga Tatvavibodh, Hridaya Kautuk, Hridaya
Prakash, Chaturdandi Prakashika, Sangeet Chintamani, Pranavbharati etc.
Contribution of Western Scholars to Indian Music:
Capt. N.A. Willard William Johnes, Capt. C.R. Day, E. Clements, Fox
Strangwayes, H.A. Popley & Alain Danielou.

Unit-VII
Compositional forms and their evolution:
Prabandh, Dhrupad, Dhamaar, Saadra
Kheyaal, Tarana, Trivat, Chaturang, Sargam Geet, Lakshan Geet,
Raagmaala etc.
Thumri, Dadra, Tappa, Hori, Kajri, and Chaiti etc.
Light Music: Geet, Gazal and Bhajan etc.
Firozkhani Gat, Maseetkhani Gat, Razakhani Gat and Zafarkhani Gat and its
kind.
Jaati, Javali, Kriti, Tillana, Raagam, Taanam, Pallavi.
Origin, development and presentation of above said vocal and instrumental
compositions
Popular artists in the field of abovesaid forms.

Unit-VIII
Musical Instruments and its Classification
Classification of Indian Musical Instruments in Ancient, Medieval and
Modern period
Different types of Veenas in ancient period
Tat – Sitar, Sarod, Violin, Dilruba, Israj, Santoor, Tanpura, Surbahhar, Guitar.
Ghan – Jaltarang, Ghatam, Morsing, Chipali, Manjeera, Jhanjh, Kartal
Sushir – Flute and its varieties, Shehnai, Nagaswaram, Harmonium
Avanaddha – Pakhawaj, Tabla, Mridangam, Kanjira, Khol, Chang, Nakkara,
Duff, Hudaka, Dholak.
Origin, evolution, playing techniques and famous artist of these Instruments

Unit-IX
Contribution of composers / performers to Indian Music:
Tansen, Haridas, Gopal Nayak, Sadarang, Pandit Balkrishna Bua
Ichalkaranjikar, Pandit Vishnu Digambar Palushkar, Pandit Vishnu Narayan
Bhatkhand, Ustaad Faiyaz Khan, Ustad Bade Gulam Ali Khan, Ustad Nisaar
Hussain Khan, Pandit Omkar Nath Thakur, Pandit Vinayak Rao Patwardhan,
Pandit Naryan Rao Vyas, Pandit C.R. Vyas, Pandit Krishna Rao Shankar
Pandit, Pandit Mallikarjun Mansoor, Smt Gangubai Hangal, Kesar Bai
Kerkar, Abdul Kareem Khan, Heerabai Barodekar, Suhasini Koretkar, Bade
Ramdas, Siddheswari Devi, Begham Akhtar, Shobha Gurtu, Girija Devi,
Savita Devi, Moghubai Kurdikar, Kishori Amonkar, Pandit Kumar
Gandharv, Pandit Jasraj, Pandit Balvant Rai Bhatt. Pt. Ramashraa Jha.
Asad Ali Khan, Pt. Lal Mani Mishra, Abdul Halim Zafar Khan, Ali Akbar
Khan, Sharan Rani, Amjad Ali Khan, Anath Lal, Panna Lal Ghosh, Vijay
Raghav Rao, Ragunath Seth, Hari Prasad Chaurasia, Ahmad Jaan Thirakava,
Pt. Samta Prasad, Kishan Maharaj, Kudau Singh, Paagal Das, Brij Bhooshan
Kabra, Vishwa Mohan Bhatt, Shiv Kumar Sharma, Bhajan Sopori, M.S.
Gopal Krishnan, V.G. Jog, N. Rajam, Appa Jalgaonkar, Mehmood
Dhaulpuri.
Recipient of Bharat Ratna:-
M.S. Subbhalakshmi, Pt. Ravi Shankar, Utsad Bismillah Khan, Lata
Mangeshkar and Pt. Bhim Sen Joshi.
Purandar Das, Shyam Shastri, Mutthuswami Dixitar, Tyagraja, Swathi
Tirunal
Bach, Beethoven, Mozart, Yahudi Menuhin,

Unit-X
Gharna and Institutional System and conferences of Hindustani
Music:
General study of origin and development of Gharana.
Institutionalised system and their contribution to Hindustani Music.
Four baanies of Dhrupad and its importance to Hindustani Music.
General study of various Gharanas of Dhrupad Kheyal and Instrumental
Music.
Special features of Gharanas in vocal and Instrumental Music and its famous
artists.
Purab and Punjab Angas of Tumari.
Important music conferences in India.
National and International awards in the field of music.
Contribution of Music educational institutes Akademies, Prasar Bharati,
Song and Drama Division and Film in Indian Music.
KARNATAKA MUSIC

Unit-V
Applied Theory:
Musical scales (Indian & Western), Suddha and vikrita svaras , Sruti in
ancient, medieval & modern period, Detailed study of grama, murchanajaati , Jaati lakshana in ancient period , Concept of Raga, Classification of
Raga from ancient to modern period, Ragalakshana-s of popular ragas, Mela
– Janya system, Katapayadi and Bhuta sankhya, Janya- Raga classification,
Ancient-Palai-Pan system, 22 Srutis & their distribution among Swaras and
Ragas, Suladi sapta Tala- s, Scheme of 35 Talas, Tala dasa pranas, Marga
and Desi talas, Talas of Tirupugazh, Shadangas and Shodasangas, important
Ragas and Talas of Hindustani music. Notation systems in Hindustani,
Karnatak and Western music (Staff Notation). Voice culture, Orchestration
and Acoustics.

Unit–VI
Historical perspective of music- Contributions of Scholars,
Musicologists, Musical concepts in Treatises:
Narada – Naradiya siksha, Sangita makaranda; Bharata – Natya sastra;
Dattila-Dattilam, Matanga – Brihaddesi; Someshwara – Manasollasa;
Parsvadeva – Sangita Samayasara; Sarangadeva – Sangita Ratnakara,
Simhabhupala; Nanyadeva- Bharata Bhashyam; Lochana kavi – Raga
Tarangini; Jagadekamalla – Sangita Chudamani; Vidyaranya – Sangita Sara,
Ramamatya – Swaramelakalanidhi; Rana Kumbha – Sangita Raja;
Somnatha – Raga Vibodha, Ahobala – Sangita Parijata; Govinda Dikshita
– Sangita Sudha; Venkatamakhi – Chaturdandi Prakasika; Tulaja – Sangita
Saramrita ; Govinda Acharya – Sangraha Chudamani; Subbarama Dikshitar –
Sangita Sampradaya Pradarsini; Abraham Panditar – Karunamrita Sagaram;
Nadamuni Panditar – Swara Prastara Sagaram; Atoor krishna Pisharoti –
Sangita Chandrika.
References to Musical concepts in Silappadikaram, Sangam Texts,
Panchamarabu,
Tala Samudram, Mahabharata Chudamani, Yazhnool and other important
texts in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam.
Musicologists
V.N.Bhatkhande, V.D.Paluskar, Swami Prajnanananda, B.C.Deva,
P. Sambamurthy, S.Seetha, V.Raghavan, Premalata Sharma,
R.Satyanarayana, T.S.Parthasarthy, N.Ramanathan, S.A.K. Durga,
Balantrapu Rajanikantarao, R.C Mehta & their works .
Contribution of western scholars to Indian Music; Curt Sachs, N.A.Willard,
William Jones, C.R.Day, E.Clements, Fox Strangways, H.A.Popley & Alain
Danielou.

Unit-VII
Compositional forms and their evolution:
Origin and development of Prabandha, Gitam, Swarajati, Jatisvarm,
Tanavarnam, Padavarnam, Kirtana, Kriti, Padam, Javali, Tillana, Ragam –
Tanam – Pallavi, Niraval, Kalpanasvara, Tevaram, Divyaprabandham,
Tiruppugazh, Thaya, Ragamalika, Viruttam, Dandakam, Churnika, Sloka,
Daru, Ashtapadi, Tarangam, Thiruvaimozhi, Thiruppavai, Chindu,
Thiruvasagam, Group kritis.
Geya nataka-a, Nritya nataka-s
Hindustani musical forms Dhrupad, Dhamar, Khayal, Thumri, Tappa,
Tarana, Trivat, Chaturang, Vrindgan.

Unit-VIII
Music Instruments of India:
Indian concept of classification of music Instruments.
Origin, Evolution, Structure and playing Technique of Veena, Tambura,
Violin, Chitra Vina, Viola, Mandolin, Flute, Nadasvaram, Pancha mukha
vadyam, Mridangam, Tavil, Kanjira , Dappu, Chenda, Maddalam,Timila,
Jaltarang, Ghatam, Morsing, Chipla, Jalra, Kartala and other Tala
instruments.
Outline knowledge of – Sitar, Sarangi, Sarod, Shehnai, Tabla, Pakhwaj, Piano,
Guitar, Clarionet.

Unit-IX
Contribution of Composers / Performers to Music (Indian and
Western):
Tevaram, Alwars, Jayadeva, Dasa Kuta, Purandara Dasa, Annamacharya,
Tallapaka composers, Bhadrachala Ramadasa, Arunagirinathar,
Muthutandavar, Marimuttupillai, Arunachala Kavirayar, Sangeeta
Mummurthy viz.,Syamasastry, Tyagaraja, Muttuswami Dikshitar, Swati
Tirunal, Gopalakrishna Bharati, Tanjore Quartette, Patnam Subramanya
Iyer and other prominent post Trinity composers.
Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar, Musiri Subrahmanya Iyer, G.N
Balasubramaniam,
Maharajapuram Vishwanatha Iyer, Semangudi Srinivas Iyer, Chembai
Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar,
K.V Narayana Swamy, M.D Ramanathan, R.K Srikanthan, M.Balamurali
Krishna, M.S.Subbalakshmi, D.K. Pattammal, M.L.Vasantkumari, Brinda,
Mukta and other prominent vocalists.
Karaikudi Samba Siva Iyer, Veena Dhanammal, S.Balachander, Mysore
Doraiswami Iyengar, S.Balachander, ChittiBabu, Mysore Chowdiah,
Lalgudi Jayaraman,
Dwaram Venkataswami Naidu, T.N.Krishnan, M.S.Gopalakrishnan, Sarabha
Sastri, T.R.Mahalingam, N.Ramani, Sheikh Chinna Moulana,
Amabalapuzha Brothers,
Namagiri Pettai Krishnan, Palghat Mani Iyer, Palani Subramaniam, Viku
Vinayakram, Harishankar and other prominent musicians of Veena, Violin,
Flute, Nadaswaram, Mridangam, Ghatam and Kanjira.

Unit-X
Prominent Banis, Music training, Education and Propagation:
Merits and limitations of Gurukula sampradya, Institutional training and
Academic teaching system in Universities
Nagasvaram Bani – Tanjavur style, Mridanga Bani – Tanjavur, Pudukkotai
and Palakadu Styles, Banis of Dhanammal School, Ariyakudi, Musiri, GNB,
Maharajapuram, Chembai and Semmangudi.
Styles of Music Trinity and analysis of their Ragas, Compositions with
various musical versions.
Music propagation through Music academies, Prasar Bharati, Song and
Drama Division, Films, Music festivals like Tiruvaiyaru, Chembai, Melattur
etc.
Influence of other music systems on Karnatak music – Hindustani and
Western.
National and International Awards in Music.

PERCUSSION

Unit-V
Applied Theory – Taal & Avanadhavadhya:
Description and playing techniques of Varna’s and their combinations in
Tabla and Pakhwaj instruments. Ten Pranas of Taal (detailed study).
Detailed study of Margi and Deshi Taal system (Paddhati), knowledge of
Karnataka Taal system: Detailed knowledge of Uttar Bhartiya Taal Padhati
and Taalas used in Uttar Bhartiya Sangeet. A brief knowledge of Taalas used
with Rabindra Sangeet.
Laya and Layakari. Detailed knowledge of Hindustani and Karnatak taal
notation system.
Brief knowledge of staff notation system.
Tabla accompaniment with vocal, (classical, semi-classical music)
instrumental music and Kathak Dance.
Relationship between Taal and Chhand, Knowledge of composing Tihaies of
different matras.
Detailed knowledge of Tihai–Damdar, Bedam, Nauhakka and chakradar
Tihaies.
Mathematical calculation of chakradar- (Sadharan, Firmaishi and Kamali
chakradar).
Difference between Chakradar Gat, Chakradar Tukada and Chakradar Paran.
The Chakra of Thirty two tihaies describe by Acharya Brihaspati.

Unit-VI
History of Music, Treies and Controbution of Musocoligist:
Bharat, Sharangdeva, Matang, Parashwadev Nanyadev, Ramamatya,
Somnath, Damodar Pandit, Ahobal, Venkatmakhi, V.N. Bhatkhande, V.D.
Paluskar, Pundarik Vitthal, Dr. Subhadra Chaudhary, Nikhil Ghosh,
Madhukar Ganesh Godbole, Swami Pagal Das, Purshottam Das Pakhawaji,
Girish Chandra Shrivastava, BhagawatSharan Sharma, Prof. Sudhir
Kumar Saxena, Dr. Aban Mistry, Dr. Yogmaya Shukla, Arvind Mulgaonkar,
Sudhir Mainkar, Dr. Arun Kumar Sen, Chhote Lal Mishra.
Detailed study of the following texts:
Natya Shastra, Sangeet Ratnakar, Bruhad Deshi, Sangeet Samyasar Sangeet
Raj, Ashtottar Shat Taal, Lakshanam, Bhartiya Sangeet Vadya, Table Ka
Udagam Vikas avam Vadan Shailiyan, Bhartiya Talon Ka Shastriya
Vivechan, Pakhawaj avam Table ke Gharane avam, Parmparayen, Taal
Kosh, Tabla Vadan Kala avam Shastra, Tabla, Bhartiya Taal Men Anekata
Mein Ekta, Aesthetics of Tabla, Tabla Puran, Taal Vadya Parichaya, Tabla
Granth Manjusha, Laya Taal Vichar Manthan, Tabla Vadan Mein Nihit
Saundaraya, Solo Tabla Drumming of North India, Tabla of Lucknow, Taal
Vadya Shashtra, Bhartiya Sangeet Men Taal, Chand Avam Roop Vidhan.

Unit-VII
Detailed study of Compositional Forms of avanaddha vadyas
Definition of Bandish – expandable and nonexpendable compositions.
The aesthetics of bandishen. Importance of presentation of Bandishen
Detailed study of Theka, Peshkar, Quaida and its prastar (Paltas), Bant, Rela,
Rau, Tukda, Mukhada, Gat and its various kinds, Rang-Rela, Fird, Paran,
Tihaies of various kinds. Gats and Quaidas of different Gharanas, LaggiLadi.
Study of different compositions popular in classical vocal, Semi-Classical
and instrumental music:- Khayal, Masitkhani Gat, Raza Khani Gat,
Thumari, Dadra, Tappa, Kajari, Chaiti, Dhrupad, Dhamar, Sadra, Jhoola,
Bhajan, Gazal, Geet.
General Knowledge of compositions used in Kathak dance:- Aamad, Paran,
Tatkar, Toda, Stuti Paran.

Unit-VIII
Classification of Musical Instruments, descriptions of Musical
Instruments from Ancient to present period in India.
Classification of Indian Musical Instruments as per described by Bharat,
Sharangdev and Dr. Lalmani Mishra.
Detailed study of Origin, Evolution, Structure and playing technique of the
following instruments:-
a) Tat Vadya:- Veena, Vichitra Veena, Naradiya Veena, Saraswati
Veena, Rudra Veena, Sitar, Sarod, Sarangi, Violin, Dilruba, Israj,
Santoor, Surbahar, Tanpura, Guitar, Eaktara, Dotara.
b) Sushir Vadya:- Flute, Shehanai, Nagasvaram, Claronate, Algoza,
Sundari, Maguti.
c) Avanaddha Vadya:- Panav, Patah, Mirdang, Pakhawaj, Tabla,
Mridangam, Tavil, Khanjira, Khol, Chenda, Chang, Upang, Duff,
Nakkara, Dhol, Dholak, Sambal, Dholaki, Naal, Huddaka, Pung.
d) Ghana Vadya:- Jal-Tarang, Nal-Tarang, Ghatam, Morsinq, Chipli,
Jalra, Kartaal, Jhanjh, Manjira.
Popular percussion instruments used in Western Music:-
Kittle Drum, Snare Drum, Bass Drum, Tenor Drum and other
important percussions.

Unit-IX
Performer & Composers:-
Tabla:- Natthu Khan, Modu Khan, Bakshu Khan, Abid Hussian Khan, Haji
Vilayat Ali, Salari Khan, Chudiya Imam Baksh, Ram Sahay, Munir
Khan, Habibuddin Khan, Ahmemadjan Thirukuwa, Amir Hussain, Jahangir
Khan, Shekh Daud, Bade Munne Khan, Karamtullah Khan, Allarakha Khan,
Gyan Prakash Ghosh, Nikhil Ghosh, Gama Maharaj, Kishan Maharaj,
Kanthe Maharaj, Samta Prasad (Gudai Maharaj), Anokhe Lal Mishra,
Bhai Gaitonde, Pandharinath Nageshkar, Suresh Talwalkar, Hashamat Ali
Khan, Zakir Hussain and contemporary tabla and pakhawaj vizards &
scholars.
Pakhawaj:- Kudau Singh Jodhsingh, Nana Panse, Ayodhya Prasad, Pagal
Das, Chatrapati Singh, Arjun Sejwal, Madhav Rao Alkutkar, Sakhara Ram.
Nakkara Vadak:- Dilawar Khan, Aggan Khan.
Dholak Vadak:- Bafati Khan, Gulam Jafer, Dholki:- Vijay Chauhan.
Karntak Music:- Vocalists and Instrumentalists
Bharat Ratan Subbalakshmi, S. Balchandar, Bal Muralikrishnan, Lalgudi
Jairaman, T.N. Krishnan, Palghat Raghu, Palghat Mani Iyer, Umayalpuram
Shivraman, U. Srinivasan, Vikku Vinayak Ram, Hari Shankar.
North Indian Vocalist & Instrumentalist:-
Allauddin Khan, Vilayat Khan, Ravishankar, Abdul Haleem Jafer, Balram
Pathak, Nikhil Banerjee, Hafeez Ali Khan, Ali Akbar Khan, Amajad Ali
Khan, V.G. Jog, D.K. Datar, N Rajam, Hari Prasad Chourasiya, Pannalal
Ghosh, Bismillah Khan, Ali Hussain, Siddharam Jadhav, Krishna Rao
Shankar Pandit, Mogubai Kurdikar, Kesar Bai Kerkar, Mallikarjun Mansoor,
Abdul Karim Khan, Faiyaz Khan, Bhimsen Joshi, Gangubai Hangal Malini
Rajurkar, Kishori Amonkar, Jas Raj, Kumar Gandharava and Aamir Khan.
Dancers:-
Acchan Maharaj, Lacchu Maharaj, Sitara Devi, Gopi Krishna, Birju
Maharaj, Durga Lal, Yamini Krishnamurty Sanyukta Panigrahi and Kalyani
Kutti Amma.
All National and International Awardees in the field of Music, Dance, folk
music and folk dances with special reference to percussion instrumentalists.

Unit X
Detailed Study of Gharanas and Institutional System in Music
Definition of Baaj & Gharanas.
Historical Evaluation & Developments of Gharanas of Tabla & Pakhawaj,
Delhi Gharana, Ajarada Gharana, Farrukhabad Gharana, Lucknow Gharana,
Benaras Gharana, Punjab Gharana, Nana Panase Gharana, Kudau Singh
Gharana.
Varna Nikas (Playing Technique) in different Gharanas.
Main Characteristics of Peshkar, Quida, Rela, Gat, Tukada, Paran, Tihai,
Chakradar & Laggi Ladi on the basis of Gharanas.
Importance and utility of Tabla & Pakhawaj in classical music, semi
classical, sugam & film music.
Universities, Academies and other institutions, Renowned Professors, Gurus,
Academicians, Administrators who are propagating music.

RABINDRA SANGEET

Unit-V
Applied Theory:
The Knowledge of round the clock ragas and raginis, the knowledge of
talas, the knowledge of kirtana, baul and other folk songs of Bengal, the
Knowledge of monsoon and vernal ragas and raginis, selected provincial
songs, selected verses from the Vedas and upanisads frequently chanted
by Tagore. Rabindra Nath Tagore specially created talas i.e., Jhampak (5
matra), Sasthi (6 matra), Rupakra (8 matra), Nabatal (9 matra), Ekadasi
(11 matra), Nabapanchatal (18 matra). Mulgan and Bhanga Gan. Brahma
sangeet by Tagore’s. Tagore’s poetic songs, (Kabyageeti), Vedic hymns
(tuned by Tagore). Patriotic songs. Akarmatrik Notation system.

Unit-VI
Historical Perspective of Music:
Conversation between Tagore and eminent personalities of India and
abroad. Western scholars on Tagore Music. ‘Sangeet Chinta’ full study of
Tagore book. Influence of European music as a whole on Tagore.
Influence of European Music and provincial tune. Tagore’s creative
journey in song writing and musical compositions. History of Anthology
of Tagore songs. Basic knowledge in Indian classical music with special
emphasis in Dhrupad, Kheyal, Tappa, Thumri. Knowledge of notation and
tal (Indian and Western).

Unit-VII
Composition forms and their evolution:
Main forms for Rabindra Sangeet. Geetanjali and song offerings – a
textual study. Biography of Tagore: The Music composer upto geetanjali
era throughout Tagore’s life. The music composer (second part) after
geetanjali to 1941. Barsamangal, sarodotsav etc.
Aesthetic approach of Rabindranath Tagore through Rabindra Sangeet.
Tagore’s Philosophy of Music, Sahityer pathe, Sahitya, Sahityer Swarup.
Tagore’s vision of music in his early days. Concept of Tagore’s musical
philosophy as expressed in essays, poems, novels etc. Knowledge of
Raga. Bengali Songs: Pre contemporary and Post Rabindranath era.
Bramhasangeet and Patriotic songs of different author other than
Rabindranath. Bramhasangeet: different author other than Tagore family.
Bedgan, Maghotsav, Upasana Song, Songs of Tagore House, Hansirgan.

Unit-VIII
Music Instrument of India:
Popular instruments used in Rabindra Sangeet, i.e., Esraj, Guitar, key
board, Sitar, Tanpura, Harmonium, Sarod, Violin, Mandira, Organ –
Piano, Flute and its varieties, Pakhawaj, Tabla, Sri khol, Dhol,
Mridangam, Jaltarang etc.
Rabindra Sangeet: Experiments in Rhythms and Talas
Application of Various talas & rhythms. Surantar and Chhandantar.

Unit-IX
Contribution of Scholars / Performer and their Textual
Traditions:
Tagore’s Geetinatya and Nrityanatya e.g. – Valmiki Prativa, Kalmrigaya,
Mayar Khela, Chitrangada, Chandalika, Shyama, Taser Des, Shapmochan
etc. and other Dramas full of various songs, i.e., like Prayaschitta,
Visarjan, Muktadhara, Achalayatan, Raja, Raktakarabi, Phalguni, Basant,
Sisutirtha, Rinsodh, Raja o Rani, Prakitir Pratisodh. Tapati etc. (All
dramatic works and example Tagores musical creativity in Gitabitan – a
textual study (Part I, II, III) and Swarabitan (Notation Books) 1- 66 and
others. Bhanusingher Padabali, Ritunatya. History of Anthology of
Tagore’s songs.
Contribution of Scholar / Performer / Musicians
Pratibha Devi, Subinoy Roy, Nilima Sen, Indira Devi Chowdhurani,
Maya Sen, Suchitra Mitra, Kanika Bandyopadhyay, Santidev Ghosh,
Jyotirindranath Tagore, Debendranath Tagore, Sailajaranjan Majumdar,
Anadi Dastidar, Kangalicharan Sen, Amiya Thakur, Bhimrao Sastri, Ases
Bandyopadhyay, Girijasankar Chakraborty, Ramesh Chandra
Bandyopadhyay, Rajeswari Dutta, Sankha Ghosh, Sudhir Chakraborty
etc.

Unit-X
Gharana and Institutionalised system of Music:
An overall survey of Tagore’s musical creativity, tonal and rhythmic
varieties of Tagore’s musical compositions including his own
experimental variations. Periods and phases of Tagore’s musical
compositions. Periods and phases of Tagore’s musical compositions
(Chronological order may be maintained). Influence of Hindustani,
Karnatak and Western music on Rabindra Sangeet, Compositions who
influenced Rabindra Sangeet. Tagore Song used in films. Tagore songs:
Tunes adapted from Tappa, Thumri, Tarana and Bhajan with original
songs.
The cultural atmosphere of Tagore’s family (Pathuriaghata and Jorasanko,
Kolkata). Thematic Variations of Tagore’s music: (Puja, Prem, Swadesh,
Prakriti, Vichitra, Anusthanik) Festival songs of Rabindra Sangeet.
Knowledge of Hindustani songs and Tagore’s opinion on these songs.
National Anthem of India and Bangladesh. Rabindra Sangeet based on
classical tune.

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