UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION
Subject : Physical Education Code No. : 47
Physical education and adapted physical education, their objectives
Philosophies of education as applied to physical education
Development of Physical education in Greece, Rome, Sweden, Russia England,
Denmark, Germany, USA, Australia and China.
Growth and development of physical education in India:
Recreation- its principles, characteristics and importance. Modern trends in
recreation. Indoor and outdoor recreational programmes. Recreational programmes
for various categories of people.
Wellness- its importance, benefits and challenges. Development and maintenance
Teaching Aptitude – nature, objectives, characteristics of teaching, learner
characteristics and teaching methods.
Social aspects of sports- sports as a socializing agency, social values , sports
leadership, sports as cultural heritage and social aspects of competition.
Ancient & Modern Olympics games, Asian and Commonwealth games.
Structure and functions of international and national bodies controlling various
games and sports,. Prominent honours and awards in games and sports.
Exercise physiology its scope and importance in the field of physical education
Cardio respiratory adaptations to long and short term physical activities.
Muscle- its types , characteristics and functions. Microscopic structure of muscle
fibre. Sliding filament theory of muscular contraction. Types of muscle fibres and
sports performance. Muscular adaptations to exercise.
Neuro-muscular junction and transmission of nerve impulse, kinesthetic Sense
organs and neural control of motor skills.
Bio-chemical aspects of exercise – Metabolism of food products. Aerobic and
anaerobic systems during rest and exercise. Direct and indirect methods of
measuring energy cost of exercise.
Recovery process – Physiological aspects of fatigue. Restoration of energy stores.
Recovery oxygen. Nutritional aspects of performance.
Environmental influence on human physiology under exercise.
Women in sports- trainability. Physiological gender differences and special
problems of women athletes.
Aging – Physiological consequences, life style management and healthful aging.
Physiological responses of various therapeutic modalities and rehabilitation.
Physiological aspects of various Ergogenic aids. Massage manipulations and their
Kinesiology and biomechanics. Modern trends in biomechanics. Planes and Axes
of human body. Joints and their movements.
Muscle attachments – Origin, insertion, action and leverage of the principal
muscles used in sports.
Motion: its laws and their application in sports. Projectile and principles of
Linear and angular kinematics and kinetics.
Friction, Spin, impact and elasticity.
Air and water dynamics.
Mechanical advantage and applications of Levers in sports.
Posture and its deformities with their corrective exercises.
Kinesiological, Muscular and mechanical analyses of fundamental movements:
Mechanical analyses of major sports skills
Unit – IV:
Sports psychology- its importance in the field of physical education and sports.
Motivation in sports- types, theories and dynamics.
Psychological factors affecting sports performance- Emotions, Anxiety
aggression, stress ,self confidence, concentration , mental practice and goal setting.
Personality- Theories of personality, measurement of personality.
Group dynamics, Group cohesion and leadership in sports.
Cognitive process- memory and thinking. Principles of Motor skill learning.
Transfer of training and its types with its implication in sports.
Long and short term psychological preparation for performance/ competition.
Psychological skill training for activation and relaxation
Spectators and sports performance.
Development of teacher education for physical education in India. Comparative
study of professional preparation in physical education of India with those of USA,
Russia, Germany, Australia and UK.
Professional and other courses of physical education in India. Role of Government
agencies monitoring professional courses in physical education.
Qualities, qualifications and responsibilities of physical education personnel at
primary, secondary and higher education levels. Scope of physical education
personnel in the promotion of health, fitness and wellness.
Recent Government policies for promoting physical education and sports in India.
Hierarchy of organizational set-up in physical education at schools, colleges and
Role of public & private sectors in the promotion of physical education and sports
in the country.
Curriculum development- Concepts and principles of curriculum planning. Subject
matter for different levels of education – primary, secondary and higher education.
Curriculum design and content- importance, selection and classification of subject
matter with reference to age, sex and differently abled pupils. Integrated
programme for boys and girls.
Teaching aids – Time-table, Concepts, credit system for various subject coursestheory and practical, Impact of technology in physical education and sports,
Curriculum evaluation: Concepts and purpose; procedure and appraisal.
Health- its objectives and spectrum. Health education, its importance and
principles . Role of genetics and environment in achieving health. Health-related
Community health programme- Health appraisal & health instructions.
International and national health promoting government & private agencies.
School Health programme and personal hygiene.
Communicable diseases: causes, symptoms, prevention through other means and
Psychosomatic disorders/ sedentary life style diseases : causes, symptoms and
Obesity related health problems. Body weight control and its significance on
health. Role of exercise, dieting and combination of exercise & dieting on weight
First-aid- objectives and principles. First-aid for Shock, poisoning, burns,
drowning, bleeding, electric shock and common sports injuries.
Pollution- Air, water, sound and radiation. Effects of pollution on health,
Preventive and safety measures from pollution.
Nutrition- Balanced diet and its components. Nutritional Deficiencies.
Understanding of malnutrition and nutritional supplements.
Effects of smoking, alcohol, & drugs on health; prevention and rehabilitation.
Unit -VII :
Sports training- its characteristics and principles. Training load, its features,
principles and adaptation process. Means and methods of executing training load.
Overload, its Causes, symptoms and remedial measures.
Strength- its characteristics, types of strength, factors determining strength and
Endurance- its characteristics, types of endurance, factors determining endurance
and endurance development.
Speed- its characteristics, types of Speed, factors determining Speed and speed
Flexibility-its characteristics, types of flexibility, factors determining flexibility
and flexibility development.
Coordinative abilities- its characteristics, types of coordinative abilities, factors
determining coordinative abilities and development of coordinative abilities.
Technique and skill- its characteristics and importance. Different stages of
technique development and technique training. Tactics and strategy.
Planning- its importance and principles. Types of planning.
Periodization- its importance, objectives and types of periodization. Concept of
different periods – Preparatory, competition and transitional. Types of
Talent identification- process and procedure.
Research in physical education- its importance and classification. Ethical issues in
Methods of research- Descriptive, historical and experimental. Experimental
Identification and formulation of research problem. Types of research hypotheses
and their formulation. Hypotheses testing.
Tools of research- Questionnaires, opinionnaires, interviews and observation.
Sources and steps of literature search- library, research data bases, internet- search
engines, online journals. Note taking and critical reading.
Sampling Techniques- Probability and non probability.
Data, its types and collecting measures.
Normal probability curve and grading scales.
Statistical processes, their importance and uses in research.
Application of parametric and non parametric statistical techniques in research.
Computer applications- statistical packages for data analyses- SPSS, e-mail, search
engines and Microsoft office.
Preparation of research proposal, report, abstract, paper for publication and paper
Unit – IX:
Test, measurement and evaluation -their types and importance in physical
education and sports. Principles and processes of evaluation in physical education.
Criteria of selecting an appropriate test and administration of testing programme.
Types of tests and construction of standard knowledge and skill tests.
Tests for fitness- Physical fitness, motor fitness, motor ability and motor
educability. Health related fitness tests.
Test for fitness components- strength, endurance, speed, flexibility and
Sports skill tests- Badminton, Basketball, Football, Hockey, Tennis, and
Anthropometric Measurements- land marks and measurement of various body
segments ,height, sitting-height, weight, diameters, circumferences, skinfolds,
body mass index, ponderal index.
Somatotype and Posture evaluating techniques.
Testing of physiological phenomenons- Blood pressure, breathing frequency vital
capacity, heart rate, pulse rate, body temperature and body composition.
Tests for psychological variables- Anxiety, aggression, team cohesion,
achievement motivation, mental-toughness, and self-efficacy.
Unit – X:
Management- its principles and theories. Scope of management in physical
education and sports. Guiding principles for organizing physical education &
sports programmes in institutions.
Personnel management- objectives and principles. Self-appraisal, communication
skills and time management. Essential skills of administration.
Financial management- objectives, purposes, principles and scope. Planning and
preparation of budget. Mechanics of purchase and auditing.
Supervision – objectives, principles and importance of supervision. Techniques of
supervision. Duties and responsibilities of a supervisor.
Facility management- planning, procuring and maintenance of facilities- indoor
and outdoor facilities. Planning and management of sports infrastructure.
Management of records.
Role of sports manager- interpersonal, informational and decision making.
Managerial skills – technical, human and conceptual. Qualities and qualification of
Event management- its principles, planning, check list, rehearsal, itinerary,
execution, reporting and follow-up procedures of an event.
Public relation- principles of public relations in physical education and sports.
Mass Media- communication and publicity, qualifications of Public relation