UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION
Subject : Public Administration Code No. : 14
Introduction to Public Administration: Public Administration- Meaning, Nature,
Scope & Significance; Evolution and Present Status of the Discipline; PoliticsAdministration Dichotomy; Globalization and Public Administration; Paradigm shift
from Government to Governance.
Principles of Organization: Division of work; Hierarchy; Coordination; Unity of
Command; Span of Control; Authority, Power and Responsibility; Delegation,
Centralization and Decentralization; Line, Staff and Auxiliary Agencies; Leadership
and Supervision; Decision-making and Communication.
Meaning, Nature and Scope of Personnel Administration: Classification, Recruitment,
Training, Promotion, Compensation and service conditions, Discipline, Civil Service
Neutrality, Anonymity and Commitment, Professional Associations and Unionism.
Administrative Thought: Approaches to the study of Public Administration: Oriental
– Kautilya; Classical – F W Taylor, Henri Fayol, Max Weber, Luther Gulick and
Lyndall Urwick ; Human Relations – Elton Mayo, Mary Parker Follett; Behaviouralism
– Chester Barnard, Herbert Simon; Motivation – Abraham Maslow, Fredrick Herzberg,
Douglas McGregor; Organizational Humanism – Chris Argyris, Rensis Likert; Writers
on Administration: Dwight Waldo, Ferrel Heady, Robert Golembiewski and Peter
Drucker; Minnobrook Perspective, New Public Service and Post Modernism.
Indian Administration: Evolution – Ancient, Mughal and British Periods;
Constitutional Framework: Parliamentary and Federal Features.
Union Government: President; Prime Minister & Council of Ministers; Cabinet
Committees; Central Secretariat; Cabinet Secretariat; and Prime Minister Office.
Election Commission and Electoral Reforms, Union State Relations.
Accountability: Legislative; Executive; and Judicial.
Citizen Grievance Redressal Mechanism: Lok Pal; Lok Ayukta; Central Vigilance
Commission and Regulatory Authorities. Issue Areas: Politician and Civil Servant
relations, Generalists and Specialists debate and Combating Corruption.
Civil Services: Classification – All India Services, Central Services and State Services;
Recruitment Agencies – Union Public Service Commission, State Public Service
Commissions and other Commissions and Boards: Capacity Building of Civil Servants
and Civil Service Reforms.
Planning: Planning Commission, National Development Council, NITI Aayog, State
Planning Commissions / Boards and Planning Departments.
Judiciary: Indian Constitution and Independence of Judiciary: Supreme Court; High
Courts; Judicial Review and Public Interest Litigation and Judicial Reforms. Police
Administration and Reforms. E- Governance Initiatives in Indian administration.
State & Local Administration: Constitutional Framework of State Administration –
State Legislature; Governor – Role and Functions; Chief Minister – Powers and
Functions; Council of Ministers; Role and Functions of Chief Secretary; State
Secretariat ; Directorates and Commissionerate; District Administration – Concept and
Evolution, District Collector – Power, Functions and Changing role; Autonomous
District Councils – Structure, Powers and Functions, District Rural Development
Agency; Evolution of Local Governance in India.
Local Governance: 73rd & 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts: State Election
Commission ; State Finance Commission; District Planning Committee; Rural
Governance – Gram Sabha, Gram Panchayats, Panchayat Samitis and Zila Parishads,
Finance in PRIs, Personnel administration at local level; Policies and Programmes of
Rural Development – MGNAREGA.
Growth of Urbanization, Urban Governance – Structure, Composition, Functions of
Municipal Corporations, Municipal Councils, Nagar Panchayats and Metropolitan
Governance – Sources of Finance; Personnel Administration. Reforms in Urban
Governance -Solid Waste Management, Smart and AMRUT cities
Comparative and Development Administration: Comparative Public Administration:
Concept, Nature, Scope and Significance of Comparative Public Administration; Public
Administration and its Environment. Approaches and Methods to the study of
Comparative Administration: Institutional, Behavioural, Structural-Functional,
Ecological and Systems Approaches.Fred Riggs’s Typology of Societies and Features;
Problems of Comparative Research; Comparative Studies –Influence of Globalization;
Salient Features of the administrative systems of UK, USA, France and Japan.
Development Administration: Development and its Dimensions. Development and
Modernization; Approaches to Development – Sustainable Development and AntiDevelopment; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Development Administration: Concept, Nature, Scope, Objectives, Features and
Significance; Ecology of Development Administration, Contribution of Fred Riggs,
Dwight Waldo and Edward Widener; Role of Bureaucracy in Development.
Globalization and Development Administration; Emergence of Non-State actors in
Development Administration; Public-Private Partnerships; Corporate Social
Responsibility, Human Development Indicators and Social Audit.
Economic and Financial Administration: Economic Policies – Mixed Economy to
Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG); New Economic Policy (NEP);
Industrial Policy since Independence; Government in Business – Public EnterprisesConcept, Growth and Forms of Public Enterprises; Management, Problem of
Accountability and Autonomy; Disinvestment Policies.
Financial Administration: Public Finance – Revenue and Expenditure: Nature, Scope
and Significance of Financial Administration; Budget – Meaning, Purpose and
Significance; Budgetary Process – preparation, enactment and execution; Types of
Budget – PPBS, Performance Budget, Zero-Based Budget and Gender Budget; Fiscal
Responsibility and Budget Management Act (FRBMA) and Sunset legislation. Fiscal
Federalism – Union-State Financial Relations, Finance Commission. Financial ControlLegislature and Executive; Parliamentary Committees and Comptroller and Auditor
General of India. Taxation policies – Principles of Taxation –Progressive and
Proportional taxation – Reforms in Taxation policies.
Social Welfare Administration: Concept of Social Welfare, Social Justice and Social
Change; Concept of Equity and Inclusiveness in Social Justice; Concept of Affirmative
action-Reservations; Institutional arrangement for Social Welfare & Social Justice
Administration; NGOs, Civil Societies and Voluntary Agencies; Policies, Programmes
and Institutional Framework for the Protection and Welfare of SCs/ STs / OBCs/
Women/ Children, Aged, Differently-abled (Divyang) and Minorities Commissions –
Women, SC/ST, Minority- Role and Functions.
Disaster Management – Nature and Types of Disaster; Institutional Arrangements for
Disaster Management; Role of State and Non-State actors.
Public Policy: Nature, Scope and Importance of Public Policy; Evolution of Public
Policy and Policy Sciences; Public Policy and Public Administration. Approaches to
Public Policy – Process Approach, Logical Positivism, Phenomenological Approach,
Participatory and Normative Approaches.
Theories and Models of Policy Making – Harold Lasswell, Charles Lindblom,
Yehezkel Dror .
Institutions of Policy Making – Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. Types of Policy
Analysis – Empirical, Normative, Retrospective and Prospective, Prescriptive and
Descriptive. Policy Implementation, Outcomes and Evaluation.
Constraints on Public Policy – Socio-economic, Political, Institutional and Cultural.
Role of Media, Public Opinion, Civil Society and Pressure Groups on Policy Making.
Governance and Good Governance: Ancient Discourse – Kautilya, Plato and
Aristotle on Good Governance; Elements and Forms of Good Governance; Theories
and Concepts of Governance – World Bank and UNDP; State, Market and Civil
Society, Public Choice Theory, New Public Management, Public Value Theory,
Governance as Theory, Governance and Public Governance.
Networking and Collaborative Governance, Business Process Re-engineering, ICT and
Governance – e-Government and e-Governance, e-Readiness and Digital Divide.
Accountability, Openness and Transparency; Gender and Governance.
Citizen and Governance: Civil Society – Role and Limitations, Citizen Participation,
Right to Information – RTI Act and Administrative Reforms, National Information
Commission, Citizen Charter – Concept, Objectives and Significance.
Ethics and Public Accountability in Governance: Rule of Law and Administrative Law,
Delegated Legislation and Administrative Adjudication. Ethical Foundations of
Governance: Constitutional Values, Family, Society and Education.
Research Methodology: Social Science Research- Meaning and Significance;
Distinction between Methodology and Method; Facts and Values in Research; Role of
Research in Theory-Building; Scientific Method; Objectivity in Social Research;
Types of Research; Identification of Research Problem; Hypotheses and NullHypotheses; Validation of Hypothesis; Research Design; Methods of Data
Collection- Primary and Secondary sources- ( Observation; Questionnaire and
Interview, Use of Library and Internet);Sampling and Sampling Techniques; Scales of
Measurement; Analysis of Data and Use of Computers in Social Science ResearchSPSS; Citation patterns and Ethics of Research ; Bibliography; Report Writing.